Nobel Prize

Physiology or Medicine Nobel Goes to Discovery of Cell’s Recycling Process

Yoshinori Ohsumi revealed workings of autophagy, a routine biological process implicated in many diseases.

The 2016 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine has been awarded to Japanese cell biologist Yoshinori Ohsumi of the Tokyo Institute for Technology for his discovery of how cells break down and recycle their own proteins and organelles, a process called “autophagy.” Read more in Inside Science.

2015 Nobel Prize goes to antiparasitic drug discoverers

This year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to three researchers from Japan, Ireland, and China who identified treatments for major tropical diseases.

The discoverers of drugs to treat parasitic diseases that predominantly affect people in the developing world have won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Satoshi Omura, from Kitasato University in Tokyo, Japan, and Irish-born William Campbell, from Drew University in Madison, NJ, USA, shared half of the prize for their work on avermectin and its derivatives, a drug that has proven highly effective against river blindness, lymphatic filariasis, and several other parasitic infections. The other half of the prize went to Youyou Tu, from the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Beijing, for her discovery of artemisinin, which forms the backbone of the most effective current treatment for malaria. Read more in The Lancet.