The open science movement is just the latest development in the long history of scholarly communication.
The essence of science has always been communication. Nothing gets entered into the scientific record until it has been published in a peer-reviewed journal so that it can be explained to the scientific community at large, allowing them to examine and critique the work. And the roots of those journals go back to the letters that the first natural philosophers of the enlightenment wrote to one another to share their ideas and the results of their experiments.
So it is fitting that as new communications technologies are developed, scientists are among the first to adopt them and make use of them in their work. Read more in Materials Today.
With public finances tight, governments around the world are demanding a return on their investment in science. Researchers should get used to it.
When the financial crisis hit in 2008 it became clear that the good times of the previous decade were not going to last. Researchers, who had gotten used to 10 years of steadily increasing budgets, immediately began making the case that investment in science and technology was the best way to ensure economic recovery.
In many countries, it worked. Despite plunging national revenues, governments around the world included extra funding for science and technology in their stimulus budgets.
But often the money came with strings attached. Read more in Materials Today.
Last one shows UK corporate spending holds up in recession.
The government will no longer produce its annual R&D Scoreboard, which analyses R&D spending among the top 1,000 UK and top 1,000 global corporate investors in R&D. The latest edition, which analyses corporate R&D spending in 2009, will be the last.
“While this useful tool has helped us to track progress on investment, both domestically and overseas, today’s companies better understand the importance of R&D to their long-term success. At the same time, unprecedented financial pressures have made it necessary to reduce public spending,” science minister David Willetts wrote in the foreword to the report. Read more in Research Fortnight.
A synchrotron under construction in the Middle East brings hope for both science and peace.
“It’s like a parallel universe,” says Eliezer Rabinovici, director of the Institute for Advanced Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, of the complex of buildings in the Jordanian desert near Amman. Rabinovici is a string theorist, so he knows a thing or two about parallel universes.
The Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (Sesame) project, modeled on the Cern particle physics lab in Switzerland, is a unique scientific collaboration in the middle of a politically fraught region. The nine members—Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, Palestine and Turkey—are not natural allies, indeed this is the only organization outside of the UN that can count both Israel and Iran as members. Read more in Materials Today.
Recession-hit companies scale back university liaison offices.
Universities could find it more difficult to find industry research partners as hi-tech companies look to scale back or close their academic liaison departments in the wake of the financial crisis.
The defence technology company QinetiQ, spun out of the government’s Defence Evaluation and Research Agency in 2001, has closed its central academic liaison department. And within the past few months, the mobile telecoms company Vodaphone has moved its academic cooperation work into a single office in Germany. Previously, academic liaison was handled by a team scattered across different countries including Germany, the UK and Spain. Read more in Research Fortnight.
The negotiations on Framework 8, the EU’s research funding programme scheduled to begin in 2014, are now well and truly underway.
With the mid-term review of Framework 7 now out of the way, attention will quickly turn to its successor. The European Commission will present its first communication on Framework 8 in early 2011, and an impact assessment next summer.
Already the debate has broadly divided into two camps, those who favour support for near-market research and innovation, and those who want European funding to concentrate on scientific excellence. Read more in Materials Today.
Liberal Democrat activists at the party’s conference in Liverpool have adopted a ‘wait and see’ attitude to the coalition’s science policy.
“I think the jury’s still out,” Ken Cosslett, chairman of the Association of Liberal Democrat Engineers and Scientists told Research Fortnight. “But we will definitely be discussing it at our AGM on Wednesday.”
After winning the support of many scientists in the election campaign, when the Liberal Democrats were seen to have the best science policy of the three main parties, opinion has swung away in recent weeks as the reality of big cuts to the science budget begin to hit home. Cosslett says the association is concerned about how much influence the party is having in the coalition. Read more in Research Fortnight.
Immigration minister Damian Green wants to crack down on foreign students who stay in the UK after graduating. Research Fortnight news editor Brian Owens wonders if that means him.
A couple of weeks ago, I was surprised to find myself a subject of discussion on the BBC’s Today programme on Radio 4. Well, not me personally, but a group of people that includes me.
On 6 September, immigration minister Damian Green said that Home Office research had found that a fifth of the 185,000 people given student visas in 2004 were still in the UK five years later. He used this statistic to support his argument that student immigration levels were “unsustainable”, “out of control” and indicated students would be one of his main targets in the government’s reform of the immigration system. Read more in Research Fortnight.
Twenty years ago, Nick Lemoine was the only researcher in the UK dedicated to pancreatic cancer. “I’m pretty sure Walter Bodmer, the head of the Imperial Cancer Reseach Fund, thought I was working on prostate cancer, because it started with a ‘P’,” he says. “I didn’t disabuse him of that, it was just easier that way.”
But over the past few years the situation has begun to change dramatically thanks in no small way to the efforts of small but pioneering research charity the Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund founded in 2004 by Maggie Blanks. Read more in Research Fortnight.
In May, UK voters decided not to give any one political party an absolute majority in the House of Commons.
The result was the country’s first coalition government in 70 years, an unlikely pairing of the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats. Read more in Materials Today.